terça-feira, 18 de dezembro de 2012

Apostila de Topografia - Curso Técnico em Edificações



APOSTILA DE TOPOGRAFIA

Apostila de Topografia Curso Técnico de Edificações - SENAI-DR/ES CEP HRD


Índice
Introdução....................................................................................................................................04
Levantamentos Topográficos: objetivos e a sua importância para
as obras de engenharia civil........................................................................................................04
Conceitos Fundamentais da Topografia......................................................................................06



Introdução:
A palavra "Topografia" deriva das palavras gregas "topos" (lugar) e "graphen"
(descrever), o que significa a descrição exata e minuciosa de um lugar. (DOMINGUES,
1979).
Tem por finalidade: determinar o contorno, dimensão e posição relativa de uma porção
limitada da superfície terrestre, do fundo dos mares ou do interior de minas,
desconsiderando a curvatura resultante da esfericidade da Terra.
Compete ainda à Topografia, a locação, no terreno,  de projetos elaborados de
Engenharia. (DOMINGUES, 1979).
Importância da Topografia e suas aplicações:
A Topografia se faz necessária em vários trabalhos  das Engenharias, Arquitetura e
Agronomia. Na construção civil, de um modo geral, é indispensável correto estudo e
conhecimento do terreno onde será implantada a futura obra. Deste conhecimento e
de seu bom aproveitamento decorrerão conseqüências  econômicas, técnicas e
estéticas da obra. Mesmo durante a fase de execução são indispensáveis os
conhecimentos topográficos no seu acompanhamento.
Vejamos alguns exemplos:
• Na Engenharia da Eletricidade utiliza-se, por exemplo, em levantamento da
faixa de domínio, locação das linhas de transmissão e instalação dos equipamentos
das casas de força.

Conteúdo da apostila abaixo:

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